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 白洁txt小说,央视:"房产税"将至 2017年房价要跌了? ,小小社区,  黄大发沿着水渠巡查(3月24日摄)。h4610,中国新闻社浙江分社新闻发展中心公开招聘人员公告 ,美国电影危险性私隐,Thetermmiddle-incometrap,firstusedbytheWorldBankin2006,referstoastage-generally,slowergrowth-aneconomyreachesafterbecomingamiddle-incomesociety.Themiddle-incometrap,assuch,reflectstheinadaptabilityoftheindustrialdevelopmentmodel.Globalizationhasallowedacountry'sindustrializationtobeweighedintermsofinternalindustrializationandexternalindustrialization.Andoncethenegativefactorsimpedethedevelopmentofinternalindustrialization,externalindustrialization,moreorless,prevails.Developedcountrieshavealmostalwaysexportedcapitalthroughdirectinvestment,capitaloutflowsorcross-bordercooperationtocheckthedeclineinprofitsbecauseofincreasingdomesticwages.Suchkindofexternalindustrializationhashelpedacceleratemanydevelopingcountries'domesticindustrialization.Still,manyemergingeconomiesremainatthelow-endoftheglobalindustrialvaluechainbecauseahugeamountofsurplusvalueistransferredthroughthecirculationofcommodities,capitalandfinancetothedevelopedeconomies.Thispreventsdevelopingcountries'comparativeincomelevelfromincreasingeveniftheirindustrializationprocessandproductivitycontinuetorise.Besides,developingcountriesareforcedtoparticipateinacompetitionoflow-levelindustrybasedoncomparativeadvantageinlaborcost,whichgraduallyreducesprofits.AccordingtotheWorldBank'sstatistics,only13outofthe101middle-incomeeconomiessince1960havemanagedtoreachthehigh-incomestage.Internationalpracticesshowthekeytoavoidingthemiddle-incometrapistorapidlyincreasethecompetitivenessandaccumulationofaneconomy'sindustrialcapital,inordertoclearthebottleneckspreventingincomesfromrisingandtoacceleratethetransitionfromamiddle-incometoahigh-incomeeconomy.Withouttheaccumulationofsufficientdomesticindustrialcapital,itisdifficultforaneconomytobreakfreefromthecapitalaccumulationsystemdominatedbyinternationalcapital;itcouldevenmarginalizetheeconomyininternationalcompetition.Althoughtherearemanyenterprisesandindustrieswithhugecapacities,evenovercapacity,inChina,theirindustrialcapitalaccumulation,ingeneral,hasnotbeenhighandtheirinternationalcompetitivenessnotstrongenough.Andinrecentyears,excessivefinancializationhasunderminedtheaccumulationofdomesticindustrialcapital.ToincreasethequalityandcompetitivenessofChina'sindustrialcapitalaccumulation,weshouldfirstincreasethequalityfactorsofcapital.Theaccumulationofindustrialcapitalespeciallyproductivecapitalmainlydependsontheaccumulationofmaterial,humanresourcesandtechnologicalfactors.Andqualityfactorssuchashighlyskilledlaborersandadvancedtechnologycanincreaseproducts'addedvalueandimprovetheirpositionintheinternationaldivisionoflabor.Toenhancesuchqualityfactors,weshouldincreaseinvestmentinfieldssuchastechnology,whichhasbecomeanincreasinglyimportantfactordeterminingthecompetitivenessofenterprisesandcountries.Increasinginvestmentintechnology,especiallyintechnologicalinnovation,willpromoteindustrializationandhelpaccumulateproductivecapital.Moreover,thereisneedtoestablishacombinationmechanismforcapitalinthefinancialandindustrialsectors,inordertoprovidestrongfinancialandsocialcapitalsupportfortheaccumulationofproductivecapital.Withtherapiddevelopmentofglobalization,capital'ssupportiveroleintherealeconomyhasreduced.Tosupporttheintegrativedevelopmentofcapitalinthefinancialandothersectors,measureshavetobetakentohelpfinancialandsocialcapitaltoplayagreaterroleintheaccumulationofindustrialcapitalandindustrialupgrading.Measuresneedtobetakenforpromotingtheinternationalizationofcapitalandselectivelyexportingandimportingit.Selectiveexportandimportofcapitalbasedontherequirementsofdomesticdevelopmentcouldpromotetheaccumulationofqualityindustrialcapitalandimprovethepositionofdomesticindustriesintheinternationalindustrialvaluechain,whichwillultimatelyleadtostableandbalancedinternationalcirculation.TheauthorisaneconomicsprofessorofRenminUniversityofChina.